In 1707 Scotland and England became one country when their parliaments were incorporated together by the Act of Union. The Treaty of Union had been negotiated between the two countries in 1706 and was passed in both Edinburgh and London the next year. Scotland and England already shared a monarch after the Union of the Crowns in 1603.
Jacobites wanted the restoration of the Stuart dynasty. They were opposed to the union as it made the 1688–9 Revolution permanent, denying any further Stuart claim to the throne. As a result, after the union, Jacobites were able to gain support from those who were unhappy with the union. Yet, Jacobite support was limited by fears amongst Presbyterians of the return of ‘Popery’, due to James VII and II’s Catholicism.
The Battle of Prestonpans (21 September 1745)
The Battle of Culloden (16 April 1746)The last battle fought on British soil.
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