Bronze Age & Iron Age

Although people had already been living in Scotland for thousands of years, the recorded history of Scotland really begins with the arrival of the Roman Empire in the 1st century. At this time, the province of Britannia reached as far north as the Antonine Wall. North of this was Caledonia, inhabited by the Picti, whose uprisings forced Rome’s legions back to Hadrian’s Wall. As Rome finally withdrew from Britain, Gaelic raiders called the Scoti began colonising Western Scotland and Wales.


79       Roman Conquest of north Britain
84       Romans defeat Caledonians at the Battle of Mons Graupius.
122     Romans construct Hadrian's Wall.
126     Disappearance of the Ninth Legion.
143     Romans construct the Antonine Wall.
196     Maeatae overrun Hadrian's Wall.
350     Birth of Saint Ninian
360     Picts and Scots invade across Hadrians wall
407     Roman legions withdrawn from Britain

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