Romans, Picts & Celts

Although people had already been living in Scotland for thousands of years, the recorded history of Scotland begins with the arrival of the Roman Empire in the 1st century. At this time, the province of Britannia reached as far north as the Antonine Wall. North of this was Caledonia, inhabited by the Picti, whose uprisings forced Rome’s legions back to Hadrian’s Wall. As Rome finally withdrew from Britain, Gaelic raiders called the Scoti began colonising Western Scotland and Wales.

The Gaelic kingdom of Dál Riata was founded on the west coast of Scotland in the 6th century. In the following century, Irish missionaries introduced the previously pagan Picts to Celtic Christianity. Following England’s Gregorian mission, the Pictish king Nechtan chose to abolish most Celtic practices in favour of the Roman rite, restricting Gaelic influence on his kingdom and avoiding war with Anglian Northumbria.

AD-79  Roman Conquest of north Britain
84          Romans defeat Caledonians at the Battle of Mons Graupius.
122        Romans construct Hadrian’s Wall.
126        Disappearance of the Ninth Legion.
143        Romans construct the Antonine Wall.
196        Maeatae overrun Hadrian’s Wall.
350       Birth of Saint Ninian
360       Picts and Scots invade across Hadrians wall
407       Roman legions withdrawn from Britain
498       Scots settlers form the kingdom of Dal Riada
521        Birth of St Columba
563        St Columba founds a monastery on Iona
640       Battle of Glen Moriston Picts vs Scots
748       Aed Finn MacEochaid becomes King of the Scots.

Find a group from this time period

Irons in the fire

Real Roman Tours

Pario Gallico

Roman Tales



Regia In Scotland

The Vikings

The Antonine Guard

Battle Scar Entertainment

The Rhynie Wifies

History Alive

Swords of Dalriada