Civil war in England during the Wars of the Roses may have been a period of relative recovery for Scotland but by the early 1500s the socio-political landscape of Scotland, as with most of Western Europe, was heavily influenced by the Catholic Church, led by the Pope.
However, a split in the church had developed and begun to spread across the continent. It was the beginning of the Reformation in Europe.
The Reformation in Scotland was not just religious, but political, and it would have important repercussions for the country’s strained relationships with its Auld Ally, the still Catholic France, and its Auld Enemy, the recently reformed England.
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